Why Fulanis are Killing Hausas – Aleru, Bandits Warlord of Zamfara

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Notorious banditry kingpin, Ada Aleru, who was recently named the Sarkin Fulani Yandoton Daji Emirate, meaning the head of Fulanis in Yandoton Daji, in a chilling confession, told the British Broadcasting Corporation, BBC that he does not take part in kidnapping people, but his job is to kill them.

“I don’t kidnap, I only kill people.” Aleru boasted.

It will be recalled that the coronation of Mr Aleru, the leading terrorist in Tsafe and Faskari axis of Zamfara and Katsina states, had generated public outcry across the country, but without any significant response from government.

The Zamfara State Government, only, suspended the Emir of the town, Aliyu Marafa, who conferred the title on Aleru, who is wanted in neighbouring Katsina State for mass killings.

The Katsina government had earlier placed a bounty of N5 million on information that can lead to his arrest. The ruthless terrorist is accused of killing 52 people in Kadisau, a community in Faskari Local Government in 2019.

In his first and only known interview with the media, Mr Aleru told the BBC that he is angry with Hausas and the Nigerian Government.

In a yet to be released documentary titled – ‘The Bandit Warlords of Zamfara’, billed to be aired July 25, 2022, Aleru explained that, while his men kidnap people, he is only interested in killing people.

“My men do that; I just go and kill them (people),” Aleru said.

An unnamed associate of Mr Aleru told the BBC Africa Eye team that “the Fulani are systematically excluded from government jobs and other economic opportunities, and that the Nigerian air force attacks innocent Fulani herders and kills their cattle. “How has the Fulani become so worthless in Nigeria?” He asked.

He lamented that the grazing routes the Fulani relied on, have been closed off while land and water have become very scarce.

The BBC also interviewed the terrorists who abducted pupils from the Government Girls Secondary School in Jangebe, Talata Mafara local government area of Zamfara State.

While the state government insisted that no ransom was paid, the unnamed bandit said they were paying N60 million before they released the pupils.

When asked what they did with the money, he said, “We bought more rifles.”

Distressing scenes, including that of a boy dying from a gunshot wound, were also released in the documentary.

“I remember how he raised his head to look at me while he was in that condition,” the boy’s father told the BBC.

“It pains me how much my boy suffered…I am devastated.”

Part of the findings by the documentary team was the growing bitterness against the Fulani community by the Hausa community, which was evident in the encounter between the team and residents of Kurfar Danya.

“If we are allowed, we will kill every Fulani man, even in the town,” says one of the vigilantes, “because they killed our mothers, our fathers, our children, and dumped their bodies here.” A resident declared in protest the killing of over 200 people by the terrorists.

Residents took the reporter to sites of mass graves. The documentary further confirms that the violence in the region is largely aggravated by vengeance, rather than protection. The vigilante groups are largely residents of Hausa communities.

“Many Nigerians are, quite rightly, disturbed by the idea that the violence contains elements of an ethnic conflict. But that is the inescapable conclusion from listening to the voices in this film,” the BBC said in a statement announcing the release of the documentary.

“It’s obvious it is tribal,” says Hassan Dantawaye, a terrorist who was among the first Fulani men to bring guns into Zamfara and take up arms at the head of a terror gang.

“If not, how can someone pass settlements but burn down only the Fulani ones? Why would a Fulani kill an innocent Hausa? Clearly, it’s a tribal conflict.”

The BBC Africa Eye said the documentary seeks to offer its contribution towards the unravelling of the conflict.

“The Bandit Warlords of Zamfara offers no simple explanation for the crisis that is destroying lives across northwestern Nigeria. But it does reveal, with painful clarity, the human cost of violence. There are mothers here who have seen their children slaughtered in front of their eyes, families who have been displaced from their homes, and schoolchildren who are still traumatized by the nightmare of abduction and captivity.

“If Nigeria is ever to solve this crisis, the first step is to understand it. With this film, Yusuf Anka and BBC Africa Eye have made an important contribution towards that understanding.”

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